Foreign Policy magazine’s Failed State Index includes Afghanistan, Pakistan and Iraq in the top ten.
In its second annual “failed states” index, Foreign Policy magazine and the Fund for Peace concluded that Sudan [#1] is the country under the most severe stress because of violent internal conflict.
Each country was given a score based on data from numerous available sources. A “failing state” was described as one in which the government does not have effective control of its territory, is not perceived as legitimate by a significant portion of its population, does not provide domestic security or basic public services to its citizens and lacks a monopoly on the use of force.
“For Iraq [#4], the index category that worsened most was human flight,” the report said. “The exodus of Iraq’s professional class has accelerated, leaving the country without the trained citizens it needs to staff important posts.”
Iraq’s instability was underscored in a State Department report last week that said fully 30% of all terrorist attacks worldwide last year occurred in Iraq.
In terms of available human resources, Afghanistan [#10] faces a somewhat different problem from Iraq, the report said. It pointed out that while educated Afghan exiles have been slow to return following the fall of the Taliban in 2001, overwhelmingly poor Afghan refugees have returned in large numbers from Iran and Pakistan.
“The result is a capital city busting at the seams but short of trained administrators, the report said.
Pakistan [#9] is another troubled country, the report said. Its inability to police the tribal areas near the Afghan border helped lead to one of the sharpest declines in overall score of any country on the index.
Click Read More for the entire Failed States Index.
2. Democratic Republic of Congo
3. Ivory Coast
6. (Tie) Somalia
11. (Tie) Liberia
13. Central African Republic
14. North Korea
16. (Tie) Sierra Leone
22. (Tie) Uzbekistan
25. Sri Lanka
30. Burkina Faso
33. (Tie) Kenya
47. (Tie) Dominican Republic
49. Papua New Guinea
52. Equatorial Guinea
52. (Tie) Iran
57. (Tie) Moldova